HSP
THE HARVARD SUSSEX PROGRAM ON
CBW ARMAMENT AND ARMS LIMITATION

CWC Signatures, Ratifications and Accessions

As of 30 January 2002, 175 states have made CWC commitments:

165 signatures (136 of which have deposited ratifications)
plus
9 accessions deposited.

(States that have ratified or acceded after Entry Into Force [29 April 1997] become States Parties 30 days after the date of the deposit of their relevant instrument.)

Therefore, as of 30 January 2002, there are 145 states parties.

The last five instruments to be deposited were:


A complete chronological list of ratifications and accessions is included in this document.


CWC Signatures, Ratifications and Accessions in alphabetical order

For ease of reference, states that have ratified or acceded are numbered, while signatory states awaiting ratification are unnumbered and indented. States are in the alphabetical order used in United Nations documents.

  1. Albania signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 11 May 1994
  2. Algeria signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 14 August 1995
  3. Argentina signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 2 October 1995
  4. Armenia signed 19 March 1993 and ratified 27 January 1995
  5. Australia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 6 May 1994
  6. Austria signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 17 August 1995
  7. Azerbaijan signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 29 February 2000
  8. Bahrain signed 24 February 1993 and ratified 28 April 1997
  9. Bangladesh signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 25 April 1997
  10. Belarus signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 11 July 1996
  11. Belgium signed 13 January 1993 and ratified on 27 January 1997
  12. Benin signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 14 May 1998
  13. Bolivia signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 14 August 1998
  14. Bosnia and Herzegovina signed on 16 January 1997 and ratified 25 February 1997
  15. Botswana acceded 31 August 1998
  16. Brazil signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 13 March 1996
  17. Brunei Darussalam signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 28 July 1997
  18. Bulgaria signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 10 August 1994
  19. Burkina Faso signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 8 July 1997
  20. Burundi signed 15 January 1993 and ratified 4 September 1998
  21. Cameroon signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 16 September 1996
  22. Canada signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 26 September 1995
  23. Chile signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 11 July 1996
  24. China signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 25 April 1997
  25. Colombia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 5 April 2000 (becomes a State Party on 5 May 2000)
  26. Cook Islands signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 15 July 1994
  27. Costa Rica signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 31 May 1996
  28. Côte d'Ivoire signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 18 December 1995
  29. Croatia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 25 May 1995
  30. Cuba signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 29 April 1997
  31. Cyprus signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 28 August 1998
  32. Czech Republic signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 6 March 1996
  33. Denmark signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 13 July 1995
  34. Dominica signed 2 August 1993 and ratified 12 February 2001
  35. Ecuador signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 6 September 1995
  36. El Salvador signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 30 October 1995
  37. Equatorial Guinea signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 25 April 1997
  38. Eritrea acceded 14 February 2000
  39. Estonia signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 26 May 1999
  40. Ethiopia signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 13 May 1996
  41. Fiji signed 20 January 1993 and ratified 20 January 1993
  42. Finland signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 7 February 1995
  43. France signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 2 March 1995
  44. Gabon signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 8 September 2000
  45. Gambia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 19 May 1998
  46. Georgia signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 27 November 1995
  47. Germany signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 12 August 1994
  48. Ghana signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 9 July 1997
  49. Greece signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 22 December 1994
  50. Guinea signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 9 June 1997
  51. Guyana signed 6 October 1993 and ratified 12 September 1997
  52. Holy See signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 12 May 1999
  53. Hungary signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 31 October 1996
  54. Iceland signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 28 April 1997
  55. India signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 3 September 1996
  56. Indonesia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 12 November 1998
  57. Iran (Islamic Republic of) signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 3 November 1997
  58. Ireland signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 24 June 1996
  59. Italy signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 8 December 1995
  60. Jamaica signed 18 April 1997 and ratified 8 September 2000
  61. Japan signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 15 September 1995
  62. Jordan acceded 29 October 1997
  63. Kazakhstan signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 23 March 2000 (becomes a State Party on 22 April 2000)
  64. Kenya signed 15 January 1993 and ratified 25 April 1997
  65. Kiribati acceded 7 September 2000
  66. Kuwait signed 27 January 1993 and ratified 28 May 1997
  67. Lao People's Democratic Republic signed 12 May 1993 and ratified 25 February 1997
  68. Latvia signed 6 May 1993 and ratified 23 July 1996
  69. Lesotho signed 7 December 1994 and ratified 7 December 1994
  70. Liechtenstein signed 21 July 1993 and ratified 24 November 1999 (becomes a State Party on 24 December)
  71. Lithuania signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 15 April 1998
  72. Luxembourg signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 15 April 1997
  73. Malawi signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 11 June 1998
  74. Malaysia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 20 April 2000
  75. Maldives signed 1 October 1993 and ratified 31 May 1994
  76. Mali signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 28 April 1997
  77. Malta signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 28 April 1997
  78. Mauritania signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 9 February 1998
  79. Mauritius signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 9 February 1993
  80. Mexico signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 29 August 1994
  81. Micronesia (Federated States of) signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 21 June 1999
  82. Monaco signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 1 June 1995
  83. Mongolia signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 17 January 1995
  84. Morocco signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 28 December 1995
  85. Mozambique acceded 15 August 2000
  86. Namibia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 27 November 1995
  87. Nauru signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 12 November 2001
  88. Nepal signed 19 January 1993 and ratified 18 November 1997
  89. Netherlands signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 30 June 1995
  90. New Zealand signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 15 July 1996
  91. Nicaragua signed 9 March 1993 and ratified 5 November 1999 (becomes a State Party on 5 December)
  92. Niger signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 9 April 1997
  93. Nigeria signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 20 May 1999
  94. Norway signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 7 April 1994
  95. Oman signed 2 February 1993 and ratified 8 February 1995
  96. Pakistan signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 28 October 1997
  97. Panama signed 16 June 93 and ratified 7 October 1998
  98. Papua New Guinea signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 17 April 1996
  99. Paraguay signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 1 December 1994
  100. Peru signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 20 July 1995
  101. Philippines signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 11 December 1996
  102. Poland signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 23 August 1995
  103. Portugal signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 10 September 1996
  104. Qatar signed 1 February 1993 and ratified 3 September 1997
  105. Republic of Korea signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 28 April 1997
  106. Republic of Moldova signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 8 July 1996
  107. Romania signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 15 February 1995
  108. Russian Federation signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 5 November 1997
  109. Saint Lucia signed 29 March 1993 and ratified 9 April 1997
  110. San Marino signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 10 December 1999
  111. Saudi Arabia signed 20 January 1993 and ratified 9 August 1996
  112. Senegal signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 20 July 1998
  113. Seychelles signed 15 January 1993 and ratified 7 April 1993
  114. Singapore signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 21 May 1997
  115. Slovak Republic signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 27 October 1995
  116. Slovenia signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 11 June 1997
  117. South Africa signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 13 September 1995
  118. Spain signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 3 August 1994
  119. Sri Lanka signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 19 August 1994
  120. Sudan acceded 24 May 1999
  121. Suriname signed 28 April 1997 and ratified 28 April 1997
  122. Swaziland signed 23 September 1993 and ratified 20 November 1996
  123. Sweden signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 17 June 1993
  124. Switzerland signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 10 March 1995
  125. Tajikistan signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 11 January 1995
  126. The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia acceded 20 June 1997
  127. Togo signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 23 April 1997
  128. Trinidad and Tobago acceded 24 June 1997
  129. Tunisia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 15 April 1997
  130. Turkey signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 12 May 1997
  131. Turkmenistan signed 12 October 1993 and ratified 29 September 1994
  132. Uganda signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 30 November 2001
  133. Ukraine signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 16 October 1998
  134. United Arab Emirates signed 2 February 1993 and ratified 28 November 2000
  135. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 13 May 1996
  136. United Republic of Tanzania signed 25 February 1994 and ratified 25 June 1998
  137. United States of America signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 25 April 1997
  138. Uruguay signed 15 January 1993 and ratified 6 October 1994
  139. Uzbekistan signed 24 November 1995 and ratified 23 July 1996
  140. Venezuela signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 3 December 1997
  141. Viet Nam signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 30 September 1998
  142. Yemen signed 8 February 1993 and ratified 2 October 2000
  143. Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of acceded 20 April 2000
  144. Zambia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 9 February 2001
  145. Zimbabwe signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 25 April 1997



Ratifications and Accessions in chronological order:

  1. Fiji signed 20 January 1993 and ratified 20 January 1993
  2. Mauritius signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 9 February 1993
  3. Seychelles signed 15 January 1993 and ratified 7 April 1993
  4. Sweden signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 17 June 1993
  5. Norway signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 7 April 1994
  6. Australia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 6 May 1994
  7. Albania signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 11 May 1994
  8. Maldives signed 1 October 1993 and ratified 31 May 1994
  9. Cook Islands signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 15 July 1994
  10. Spain signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 3 August 1994
  11. Bulgaria signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 10 August 1994
  12. Germany signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 12 August 1994
  13. Sri Lanka signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 19 August 1994
  14. Mexico signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 29 August 1994
  15. Turkmenistan signed 12 October 1993 and ratified 29 September 1994
  16. Uruguay signed 15 January 1993 and ratified 6 October 1994
  17. Paraguay signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 1 December 1994
  18. Lesotho signed 7 December 1994 and ratified 7 December 1994
  19. Greece signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 22 December 1994
  20. Tajikistan signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 11 January 1995
  21. Mongolia signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 17 January 1995
  22. Armenia signed 19 March 1993 and ratified 27 January 1995
  23. Finland signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 7 February 1995
  24. Oman signed 2 February 1993 and ratified 8 February 1995
  25. Romania signed 13 January 1993 ratified 15 February 1995
  26. France signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 2 March 1995
  27. Switzerland signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 10 March 1995
  28. Croatia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 23 May 1995
  29. Monaco signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 1 June 1995
  30. Netherlands signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 30 June 1995
  31. Denmark signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 13 July 1995
  32. Peru signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 20 July 1995
  33. Algeria signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 14 August 1995
  34. Austria signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 17 August 1995
  35. Poland signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 23 August 1995
  36. Ecuador signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 6 September 1995
  37. South Africa signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 13 September 1995
  38. Japan signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 15 September 1995
  39. Canada signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 26 September 95
  40. Argentina signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 2 October 1995
  41. Slovak Republic signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 27 October 1995
  42. El Salvador signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 30 October 1995
  43. Georgia signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 27 November 1995
  44. Namibia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 27 November 1995
  45. Italy signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 8 December 1995
  46. Côte d'Ivoire signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 18 December 1995
  47. Morocco signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 28 December 1995
  48. Czech Republic signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 6 March 1996
  49. Brazil signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 13 March 1996
  50. Papua New Guinea signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 17 April 1996
  51. United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 13 May 1996
  52. Ethiopia signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 13 May 1996
  53. Costa Rica signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 31 May 1996
  54. Ireland signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 24 June 1996
  55. Republic of Moldova signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 8 July 1996
  56. Belarus signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 11 July 1996
  57. Chile signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 11 July 1996
  58. New Zealand signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 15 July 1996
  59. Latvia signed 6 May 1993 and ratified 23 July 1996
  60. Uzbekistan signed 24 November 1995 and ratified 23 July 1996
  61. Saudi Arabia signed 20 January 1993 and ratified 9 August 1996
  62. India signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 3 September 1996
  63. Portugal signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 10 September 1996
  64. Cameroon signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 16 September 1996
  65. Hungary signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 31 October 1996
  66. Swaziland signed 23 September 1993 and ratified 20 November 1996
  67. Philippines signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 11 December 1996
  68. Belgium signed 13 January 1993 and ratified on 27 January 1997
  69. Bosnia and Herzegovina signed on 16 January 1997 and ratified 25 February 1997
  70. Lao People's Democratic Republic signed 12 May 1993 and ratified 25 February 1997
  71. Niger signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 9 April 1997
  72. Saint Lucia signed 29 March 1993 and ratified 9 April 1997
  73. Luxembourg signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 15 April 1997
  74. Tunisia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 15 April 1997
  75. Togo signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 23 April 1997
  76. Bangladesh signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 25 April 1997
  77. China signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 25 April 1997
  78. Equatorial Guinea signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 25 April 1997
  79. Kenya signed 15 January 1993 and ratified 25 April 1997
  80. United States of America signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 25 April 1997
  81. Zimbabwe signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 25 April 1997
  82. Bahrain signed 24 February 1993 and ratified 28 April 1997
  83. Iceland signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 28 April 1997
  84. Mali signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 28 April 1997
  85. Malta signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 28 April 1997
  86. Republic of Korea signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 28 April 1997
  87. Suriname signed 28 April 1997 and ratified 28 April 1997
  88. Cuba signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 29 April 1997
  89. Turkey signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 12 May 1997
  90. Singapore signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 21 May 1997
  91. Kuwait signed 27 January 1993 and ratified 28 May 1997
  92. Guinea signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 9 June 1997
  93. Slovenia signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 11 June 1997
  94. The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia acceded 20 June 1997
  95. Trinidad and Tobago acceded 24 June 1997
  96. Burkina Faso signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 8 July 1997
  97. Ghana signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 9 July 1997
  98. Brunei Darussalam signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 28 July 1997
  99. Qatar signed 1 February 1993 and ratified 3 September 1997
  100. Guyana signed 6 October 1993 and ratified 12 September 1997
  101. Pakistan signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 28 October 1997
  102. Jordan acceded 29 October 1997
  103. Iran (Islamic Republic of) signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 3 November 1997
  104. Russian Federation signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 5 November 1997
  105. Nepal signed 19 January 1993 and ratified 18 November 1997
  106. Venezuela signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 3 December 1997
  107. Mauritania signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 9 February 1998
  108. Lithuania signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 15 April 1998
  109. Benin signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 14 May 1998
  110. Gambia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 19 May 1998
  111. Malawi signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 11 June 1998
  112. United Republic of Tanzania signed 25 February 1994 and ratified 25 June 1998
  113. Senegal signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 20 July 1998
  114. Bolivia signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 14 August 1998
  115. Cyprus signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 28 August 1998
  116. Botswana acceded 31 August 1998
  117. Burundi signed 15 January 1993 and ratified 4 September 1998
  118. Viet Nam signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 30 September 1998
  119. Panama signed 16 June 1993 and ratified 7 October 1998
  120. Ukraine signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 16 October 1998
  121. Indonesia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 12 November 1998
  122. Holy See signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 12 May 1999
  123. Nigeria signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 20 May 1999
  124. Sudan acceded 24 May 1999
  125. Estonia signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 26 May 1999
  126. Micronesia (Federated States of) signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 21 June 1999
  127. Nicaragua signed 9 March 1993 and ratified 5 November 1999
  128. Liechtenstein signed 21 July 1993 and ratified 24 November 1999
  129. San Marino signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 10 December 1999
  130. Eritrea acceded 14 February 2000
  131. Azerbaijan signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 29 February 2000
  132. Kazakhstan signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 23 March 2000
  133. Colombia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 5 April 2000
  134. Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of acceded 20 April 2000
  135. Malaysia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 20 April 2000
  136. Mozambique acceded 15 August 2000
  137. Kiribati acceded 7 September 2000
  138. Gabon signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 8 September 2000
  139. Jamaica signed 18 April 1997 and ratified 8 September 2000
  140. Yemen signed 8 February 1993 and ratified 2 October 2000
  141. United Arab Emirates signed 2 February 1993 and ratified 28 November 2000
  142. Zambia signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 9 February 2001
  143. Dominica signed 2 August 1993 and ratified 12 February 2001
  144. Nauru signed 13 January 1993 and ratified 12 November 2001
  145. Uganda signed 14 January 1993 and ratified 30 November 2001
HSP
THE HARVARD SUSSEX PROGRAM ON
CBW ARMAMENT AND ARMS LIMITATION
Date of last revision: 30 January 2002
(RG)