Jeremy Zallen is a graduate student in the History Department. He received his BA from Stanford University in History in 2007. His undergraduate honors thesis explored how memory, microbes, and humans interacted during the deadly Spanish Flu pandemic of 1918. He is currently beginning research on a project that examines the relationship between humans and darkness from an environmental historical perspective. He intends to focus his analysis around practices of illumination in North America in the age of American westward expansion, especially as electrical lighting began to compete with and replace lightways derived from the combustion of animal and plant fats.