China Historical GIS Thematic Maps

The following maps were generated from CHGIS datasets, and are freely available for academic use.

Coal Mine Fatalities (1996-2005)
Tang Dynasty Mints
Inner Mongolian Administration
Tang Biographies
Buddhist Temples in China
Fujian Administrative Network - 1050 CE & 1250 CE
Liangzhe Tax Quota - 1077 CE
Wuzhou Administrative Change - 500 CE & 700 CE
Tibet and Qing Empire
Shanxi Population and Grain Figures, circa 1820


Fatality Rates in TVE Mines, 1996-2005
An example of aggregating data to Province boundaries using the CITAS 1990 data layer. The figures represent deaths per million tons of coal mined by Town and Village Enterprise (TVE) level mining operations.This draft map illustrates a work in progress on the 20th Century coal industry in China by
Prof. Tim Wright (University of Sheffield)


Tang - Huichang Period - Mint Locations
An example of georeferencing showing the location of Huichang Kaiyuan Mints, where "tongbao" coins were produced (circa 845 CE). The information about the coin locations and their markings was provided by Alexander Akin (PhD Candidate, Harvard University), and can be downloaded here:
PDF file Excel Spreadsheet

Huichang Kaiyuan Mints (Tang Dynasty)


Inner Mongolian Administration
As part of ongoing research by Ellen McGill (PhD Candidate, Columbia University), sample maps were created for a presentation at AAS, Chicago, Apr 2005, "Development of Non-Banner Administration in Inner Monglia During the Qing Period."
Sample Maps: Lex Berman.

Mongolian Administrative and Geographic Units (Qing Dynasty)


Tang Biographies
The latest development of Robert Hartwell's Chinese Historical Studies database includes the ability to export the results of queries. For the Tang Dynasty records these have now been cross-referenced with locations (using the Hartwell geocodes and Hartwell GIS layers as the source of locations). Shown here is a map of the distribution and density for all 1,878 Tang Dynasty biographies currently found in Hartwell's CHS database. The larger the dot, the more biographical records were related to that county location.
CHS database developer: Prof. Michael Fuller. Map: Lex Berman.
Download dataset

Hometown locations for biographical entries in CHS (Tang Dynasty)


Buddhist Temples in China
Temples are georeferenced to nearest known point in the CHGIS database. List of temples is drawn from the Da Qing Yitongzhi, as indexed in Chugoku no Jiin by Yajima Genryo. These are not all the Buddhist temple sites in China, but are sites mentioned in Da Qing Yitongzhi, therefore a view of the temple institutions from the point of view of the Imperial archivists. The dates of establishment of the temples range from 50 CE (Baima Si) up to the late Qing period. Editor of dataset: Lex Berman. Data entry: Liu Guanglin.
Download dataset

Buddhist Temple locations in Yitongzhi


Fujian Administrative Network - 1050 CE & 1250 CE
Using the CHGIS Time Series, the adminisrative hierarchy for Fujian was selected for two separate years, 1050 CE and 1250 CE. In the traditional map presentation, the Province Capital, Prefectural Capitals, and County Seats are shown using different symbols. [see Traditional Symbology map below]. In order to dramatize changes in the administrative hierarchy, a new visualization technique was developed. This technique draws a new set of lines from parent jurisdiction seats to subordinate unit seats. This is done first from the top level (province capital) to the second level (prefectural capitals), and then from the second level to the third level (county seats). ArcInfo (command line) Generate command is used to create the line layer by using the coordinates of parent and child records as begin and end of line nodes. Further articulations to any number of subordinate unit levels could be done in the same way. Technique and maps: Lex Berman. Followup paper
PDF file

Traditional symbology - Fujian Administrative Change - 1050 CE & 1250 CE

Network Model symbology - Fujian Administrative Change - 1050 CE & 1250 CE


Liangzhe Tax Quota - 1077 CE
Commercial tax quotas for prefectural and county administrative seats and for towns in Liangzhe Circuit as of 1077. The tax data, given in strings of cash (guan), is based on the comprehensive national commercial tax quota list found in the Song huiyao jigao. Prefectural and county seats are based on CHGIS V. 2, time series data. The location of non-administrative towns is determined with reference to the Zhejiang gujin diming cidian (Zhejiang jiaoyu chuban she, 1991) and point information in the CHGIS V. 2, 1911 data layer and ArcChina. The map illustrates the divergence between the economic and administrative hierarchies. The 1077 commercial tax dataset will be made available in the fall of 2004. Map: Peter Bol.

Liangzhe Tax Quota in 1077 CE


Wuzhou Administrative Change - 500 CE & 700 CE
Administrative structures in the Dongyang area of Zhejiang (modern day Jinhua) between 500 CE and 750 CE. Based on CHGIS V. 2 Time series. Map: Peter Bol.

Wuzhou Administrative Change - 500 CE & 700 CE


Tibet and Qing Empire
These are base maps to be given labels and titles before publication. Author of publication: Gray Tuttle. Maps: Lex Berman.

Tibetan Region and Qing Empire

Tibetan Region and Qing Empire, Elevation

Tibetan Region, Elevation


Shanxi Population and Grain Figures, circa 1820
The following thematic maps are based on county level statistics for Shanxi Province. Working with the locations of county administrative seats, approximate county areas were generated in GIS using the Thiessen Polygon method. The boundaries therefore are approximate, but when aggregated to the entire province are useful for showing the distribution of the households and grain quotas across space. Maps: Lex Berman.

Changping (Grain Quota) raw figures, circa 1820

Changping (Grain Quota) normalized by area, circa 1820

Ding (Households) raw figures, circa 1820

Ding (Households) normalized by area, circa 1820